Brazils

Brazils

Brazils

Latin: 
Bertholletia Excelsa

Brazil nuts are native to the Amazon basin, with the main producing countries being Bolivia, Brazil and Peru. Though commonly called a nut, in botanical terms it is a seed from the fruit of the tree. Only one type of bee can pollinate the flower and this bee needs the Amazon forest to survive. The brazil nut tree grows to between 30 and 50 metres and only in the lighter and drier parts of the forest and the trees can live to be over 500 years old. The lower trunk is one and a half metres in diameter. Flowering occurs at the end of the year and it takes more than a year for the fruit to ripen and drop to the ground. This nut is like a ball about 5" in diameter and similar to a coconut which contains 12 to 21 nuts with the familiar triangular cross section with flat sides and sharp edges packed together like a citrus fruit. Brazil nuts are a high source of dietary fibre and minerals such as magnesium and selenium. They are sold both as inshells and kernels where they are used raw or roasted with salted, as well as in chocolates and other confectionery.

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